Ayurveda means "the science of life" (ayur means "life" and veda means "science" in Sanskrit). Ayurveda is a discipline of the upaveda or "auxiliary knowledge" in Vedic tradition. Ayurveda has its prime origin from Atharva-Veda and apart as a supplement of the Rig-Veda. Dhanvantari is worshipped as the God of Ayurveda. The aim of this system is to prevent illness¸ heal the sick and preserve life. The Ayurveda has its origins from the India and extended its wings in various parts of the world.
Ayurveda was taught in Gurukula system in ancient days, which is now been evolved in to under graduate & post graduate courses from Institutions.
Siddhargal or Siddhars were the premier scientists of ancient days. Siddhars, mainly from Southern India, in the state of Tamil Nadu laid the foundation for Siddha system of medicine. Siddhars were spiritual adepts who possessed the ashta siddhis. Agastyar or Agasthya, is believed to be the founding father of Siddha Medicine. Eighteen Siddhars are considered to be important in the Siddha Medicine.
Siddha medicine is claimed to revitalize and rejuvenate dysfunctional organs that cause the disease and to maintain the ratio of Dosha. Kayakarpam (special combination of medicine and life style) and Muppu (the universal Salt) are speciality of Siddha system of medicine.
3. Sowa Rigpa
Sowa Rigpa is a centuries-old traditional medical system that employs a complex approach to diagnosis, incorporating techniques such as pulse analysis and urinalysis, and utilizes behaviour and dietary modification, medicines composed of natural materials (e.g., herbs and minerals) and physical therapies to treat illness.
The Four Tantras (Gyushi, rGyu-bzhi) are native Tibetan texts incorporating Indian, Chinese and Greco-Arab medical systems. The Four Tantras is the common name for the text of the Secret Tantra Instruction on the Eight Branches, the Immortality Elixir essence. The four Tantras are as follows,
Root Tantra - Exegetical Tantra - Instructional Tantra - Subsequent Tantra
Although there is clear written instruction in the Four Tantra, the oral transmission of medical knowledge still remained a strong element in Tibetan Medicine.
Naturopathy is a natural healing technique using the healing powers of nature. The principle of Naturopathy is that the accumulation of toxins is the root cause of all diseases. Prevention and elimination of toxins is the route to health. Treatments are based on the 5 great elements of nature that have immense healing properties. There is no role of internal medications in the nature cure system.
Yoga is a therapy that uses yoga postures, breathing exercises, meditation, and guided imagery to improve mental and physical health. The holistic focus of yoga therapy encourages the integration of mind, body, and spirit. Modern yoga therapy covers a broad range of therapeutic modalities, incorporating elements from both physical therapy and psychotherapy.
Yoga therapy is a growing field and scientific evidence has begun to emphasize its efficacy. It is used to treat existing mental and physical health issues, but can also be used as a self-care strategy for prevention and maintenance.
Homeopathy, or Homeopathic Medicine, is the practice of medicine that embraces a holistic, natural approach to the treatment of the sick.Homeopathy is holistic because it treats the person as a whole, rather than focusing on a diseased part or a labeled sickness.Homeopathic medicines are made from plant, chemical, mineral or animal sources. The original material is diluted, then agitated vigorously (succussed)
Marma therapy is an important part of Ayurveda that helps to maintain health by cleansing blocked energy.
The word Marma is of Sanskrit origin ‘Mrin Maranae’. The Sanskrit phrase, “mriyatae asmin iti marma” means ‘there is likelihood of death or serious damage to health when these points are inflicted. Hence, these areas are called marma. Marma in Sanskrit also means hidden or secret. By definition, a Marma point is a juncture on the body where two or more types of tissue meet, such as muscles, veins, ligaments, bones or joints.
107 Marma Points in Ayurveda for Healing
Marma therapy utilizes 107 points or “doorways” into the body and consciousness. The mind is considered as the 108th marma. Major marma points correspond to the seven chakras, or energy centers of the body, while minor points radiate out along the torso and limbs. These points range in size from one to six inches in diameter. The points were mapped out in detail centuries ago in the ‘ Sushruta Samhita ’, a classic Ayurvedic text.
The points cover both the front and back of the body, including
- 22 on the lower extremities
- 22 on the arms
- 12 on the chest and stomach
- 14 on the back, & 37 on the head and
Ayurveda is a medical science dedicated to longevity, for the sake of spiritual liberation. In last month’s article we discussed the powerful anti-aging herbal tonics, called Rasyanas.
In Part 2 we look at the ancient rejuvenation practice of Kaya Kalpa. “Kaya” means body and “Kalpa” means transformation. Kaya Kalpa is a set of specific therapies mentioned in Vedic texts, that can actually reverse the physical degeneration caused by age. The treatments literally transform old cells to new again. Kaya Kalpa is a true science of “rejuvenation” – to make young again.
Kaya Kalpa basically detoxifies all the impurities in the body, and then puts in deeply nourishing rasayana plants and foods back in. The main idea behind the therapies is to balance the decay of old cells with the growth of newer, younger, healthier cells. It is a reversal of metabolic activities in the body. The rate of healthy, new cells must form faster than the degeneration and death of old cells, in order to arrest the symptoms of aging. Through kaya Kalpa, one can actually suspend the ravages of time, and preserve healthy, youthful, supple tissues.
The concept may seem really simple, but it is actually quite an extraordinary process. Kaya Kalpa treatments are said to be over 10,000 years old, and its secrets have been highly guarded by the Siddhas. The science of life-extension was such an exclusive practice, that Kaya kalpa was only undertaken by royalty and rishis (holy sages). Only those with money, time to devote, and spiritual discipline could undergo such intense practices.
9. Diet therapy
Diet therapy is the branch of dietetics concerned with the use of foods fortherapeutic purpose. It is method of eating prescribed by a physician to improve health. Diet therapy usually involves the modification of an existingdietary lifestyle to promote optimum health.
10. Nutrition therapy
Nutrition therapy is the treatment of a medical condition, for example diabetes mellitus, through changes indiet, by adjusting quantity, quality and methods of nutrient intake. In the USA, medical nutrition therapy has a legal definition and is provided by a registered dietitian.
Osteopathy is a way of detecting, treating and preventing health problems by moving, stretching and massaging a person's muscles and joints. Osteopathy is based on the principle that the wellbeing of an individual depends on their bones, muscles, ligaments and connective tissue functioning smoothly
12. Monoclonal antibody therapy
Monoclonal antibody therapy is a form of immunotherapy that uses monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to bind monospecifically to certain cells or proteins. The objective is that this treatment will stimulate the patient's immune system to attack those cells.antibody therapy (AN-tee-BAH-dee THAYR-uh-pee) Treatment that usesantibodies to help the body fight cancer, infection, or other diseases.Antibodies are proteins made by the immune system that bind to specific markers on cells or tissues.
Surgery involves the management of acute injuries and illnesses as differentiated from chronic, slowly progressing diseases, except when patients with the latter type of disease must be operated upon. surgeryMedical team performing surgery.There are many reasons to have surgery, ranging from pain prevention to body adjustments. However, there are risks associated with it.